A reference guide of the Karate Terminology used in the Dojo. Japanese 'sounds' do not always translate directly into English 'sounds' and there are a number of officially recognised systems used for converting from Japanese words to English words. As such there are different ways to spell the Japanese word in English, a prime example is empi–enpi. Also unlike English the sound and letter can change for the same word depending on where the word is used. Common with D and T, K and G, Z and TS where neither is really the exact match and blends with sounds before and after.

Details

Stances

English Japanese Pronunciation
Stances Tachikata tah-chee-kah-tah
Natural Stance Shizen-Tai she-zen-tie
Feet-together, formal attention stance Heisoku-dachi hi-so-ku da-chee
Informal attention Stance Musubi-dachi mu-su-be da-chee
Horse Stance (Straddle leg Stance) Kiba-dachi key-ba da-chee
Front Stance Zenkutsu-dachi zen-koot-su-da-chee
Back Stance Kokutsu-dachi ko-koot-su-da-chee
Rooted Stance Fudo-dachi Foo-do da-chee
Diagonal Horse Stance Sochin-dachi So-cheen da-chee
Square Stance Shiko-dachi she-ko-da-chee
Hook leg stance Kage-dachi ka-gei-da-chee
L stance Renoju-dachi Reh-no-joo-da-chee
Normal foot ready stance (Yoi position) Hachi dachi ha-chee-da-chee
Inverted foot ready stance Uichi hachi dachi u-wee-chee-ha-chee-da-chee
Cross leg Stance Kosa-dachi ko-sa-da-chee
Half moon Stance Hangetsu-dachi han-get-su-da-chee
Hour glass Stance Sanchin-dachi san-chin-da-chee
Cat leg Stance Neko ashi dachi neh-ko-a-she-da-chee
One legged Stance Sagi ashi-dachi sa-gee-a-she-da-chee
Kneel Seiza say-zah
Fighting Position Kamae kah-my
Front leg to back leg transition Mai ashi My-eh ash-ee
Back leg to front leg transition Ushiro ashi oo-shee-roh ash-ee

Punching

English Japanese Pronunciation
Punching Tsuki-Waza zoo-key wa-za
(One-handed punches) (Tsuki) (zoo-key)
Straight Punch Choku-tsuki cho-ka-zoo-key
Vertical fist Punch Tate-tsuki ta-tay-zoo-key
Front hand snap Punch Kizami-tsuki ke-za-me-zoo-key
Rising Punch Age-tsuki a-gay-zoo-key
Roundhouse Punch Mawashi-tsuki muh-wa-she-zoo-key
Hook Punch Kage-tsuki ka-gei-zoo-key
Close Punch Ura-tsuki oo-ra-zoo-key
Lunge Punch Oie-tsukiOi-tsuki oi-a-zoo-key
Reverse Punch Gyaku-tsuki Gee-a-q-zoo-ki
(Two-handed punches) (Morote-tsuki) (mo-ro-tay zoo-key)
Wide U Punch Yama-tsuki yah-ma-zoo-key
U Punch Awase-suki ah-wa-say-zoo-key
Parallel Punch Heiko-tsuki hi-ko-zoo-key
Scissors Punch Hasami-tsuki hah-sa-me-zoo-key
Flowing Punch Nagashi-tsuki Nah-ga-she-zoo-key

Striking

English Japanese Pronunciation
Striking Uchi Waza oo-chee-wah-zah
Knife hand Strike Shuto-uchi shoe-toe oo-chee
Ridge hand Strike Haito-uchi hi-toe oo-chee
Elbow Strike Enpi-uchiEmpi-uchi em-pee oo-chee
Back-fist Strike Uraken-uchi oo-ra-ken oo-chee
Palm heel Strike Taisho-uchi tie-sho-oo-chee

Kicking

English Japanese Pronunciation
Kicking Keri Waza keh-ree wah-zah
Front Kick Mai-geriMae-geri my-eh-geh-ree
Front Snap Kick Mai-geri-keage my-eh-geh-ree-kay-ah-gay
Front Thrust Kick Mai-ger-kekomi my-eh-geh-ree-key-koh-mee
Side Kick Yoko-geri yoh-ko-geh-ree
Side Snap Kick Yoko-geri-keage yoh-koh-geh-ree-kay-ah-gay
Side Thrust Kick Yoko-geri-kekomi yoh-koh-geh-ree-key-koh-mee
Back Kick Ushiro-geri oo-shee-roh-geh-ree
Back Thrust Kick Ushiro-geri-kekomi oo-shee-roh-geh-ree-kay-koh-mee
Roundhouse Kick Mawashi-geri mah-wah-she-geh-ree
Reverse roundhouse Kick Ura-Mawashi-geri oo-ra mah-wah-she-geh-ree
Spinning reverseroundhouse kick Ushiro-Mawashi-geri oo-shee-roh mah-wah-she-geh-ree
Crescent Kick Migatsuki-geri me-ka-zoo-kee-geh-ree
Stamping Kick Fumikomi foo-me-koh-me
Side Stamping Kick Yoko-FumiKomi yoh-koh-foo-me-koh-me
Cutting Kick Kiri-geri Ki-ree geh-ree
Returning wave kick Namigaeshi nah-me-ah-eh-she
Knee Kick Hiza-geri he-zah-geh-ree
Flying Side Kick Yoko-tobi-geri yoh-koh-toe-be-geh-ree
Front Instep Kick(groin kick) Kin-geri kin-geh-ree

Blocking

English Japanese Pronunciation
Blocking Uke Waza oo-kay-wah-zah
Downward Block Gedan-barai geh-dahn-bah-rye
Forearm Block(Outside to inside) Soto-(Ude)-uke Soh-toe (oo-day)-oo-kay
Rising Block Age-uke ah-gay-oo-kay
Dropping Block Otoshi-uke oh-toh-she-oo-kay
Snapping Forearm Block(Inside to outside) Uchi-uke oo-chee-oo-kay
Knife hand Block Shuto-uke shoe-toh-oo-kay
X-Block Juji-uke joo-jee-oo-kay
Scooping Block Tsukui-uke sue-koo-ii-oo-kay

General Terms

English Japanese Pronunciation
Left Hidari hih-dah-ree
Right Migi mee-gee
Forms Kata kah-tah
Sparring Kumite koo-mih-tay
Fundamentals(basics) Kihon key-hohn
Lower Level Gedan gay-dan
Middle Level Chudan chew-dan
Upper Level Jodan joe-dan
Reverse Gyaku gee-yah-koo
Lunge OiOie OiOi eh (eh is almost silent)
Focusing Kime kee-may
Begin Hajime hah-jih-may
Backward Ushiro oo-sheer-roh
Assume natural stance
(Shizen-tai)
Yoi (or yame) yoi (yah-may)
Relax or ready position Yasume Yah-tsum-ay
Return to natural stance Naore Eh-nor-ay
Do you understand? Wakarimasu? Wah-kah-ree-ma-suh
Quite sitting (meditation) Mokuso moh-k-so
Quite sitting end(meditation) Mokoso-yame moh-k-so-yah-may
Bow Rei ray
Excuse Me Shitsu rei shimasu shit-soo-ray-she-ma-suh
Teacher Sensei sen-say
Thank You (Formal) Arigato Gozaimasuta ah-ree-gah-toe-go-zai-ma-shuh-tah
Yes-Get up Hai-tate hi-tah-tay
Uniform Do-Gi doh-gee
Place where karate is practiced Dojo doh-joe
Belt Obi oh-be
Yell! Harmonise energy Kiai kee-ai
Remaining Spirit Zanshin zahn-shin
Deep Breathing Shin Ko Kyu shin-koh-kii-you
Front two knuckles Seikan sai-kan
Ball of the foot Koshi koh-she
Edge of foot Sokuto soh-koo-toe
Heel of foot Kakuto kah-koo-toe
Yes! Ous (Osu) oh-ss (ooh-ss)
Turn (180 degrees) Mawate mah-wah-tay
Turn (90 degrees) Hontai hohn-tai
Empty Kara kah-rah
Free Jiyu gee-oo
Hips Back Hanme hahn-may
Hips ForwardHips forward ZemiShomen zeh-meeShow-men
Front (of room) Shomen Show-men
Centre(movement) Hara Tanden hah-rah tahn-den

Numbers

English Japanese Pronunciation
One Ichi ee-chee(Itch)
Two Ni Nee(Nee)
Three San Sahn(sahn)
Four Shi Shee(chee)
Five Go Goh(goh)
Six Roku roh-koo(Rok)
Seven Shichi shee-chee(sitch)
Eight Hachi hah-chee(Hah-tch)
Nine Ku Koo(koo)
Ten Ju Joo(joo)
Shotokan Karate Martial Arts Ying Yang Meditation
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